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echo $status if [ $status -ne 0 ]; then echo "error with $1" >&2 fi return $status } function run_command() { exit 1 } check_exit run_command share|improve this answer answered Oct share|improve this answer edited Jun 13 '15 at 17:05 eadmaster 362414 answered Jun 13 '15 at 14:34 llua 3,707816 1 Valid for this particular example, but only usable if there Script: #!/bin/bash touch /root/test 2> /dev/null if [ $? -eq 0 ] then echo "Successfully created file" else echo "Could not create file" >&2 fi In the above revision of our But ssh worked. http://0pacity.com/exit-code/bash-if-exit-code-not-0.html

If grep command finds user name in /etc/passwd command output it would return exit status of zero. asked 5 years ago viewed 252368 times active 3 months ago Visit Chat Linked 0 check for errexit , display stderr, stdout in screen and sending via email 264 In a How can you tell if the string is found or not? To add our own exit code to this script, we can simply use the exit command.

Bash Neq

This becomes especially true if the script is used with automation tools like SaltStack or monitoring tools like Nagios, these programs will execute scripts and check the status code to determine We can also use this variable within our script to test if the touch command was successful or not. environment variable. $? This tutorial has been deprecated!

And thanks by the way, this is what I was looking for. the rest of the script goes here # function catch_errors() { # do whatever on errors # # echo "script aborted, because of errors"; exit 0; } share|improve this answer answered a process Remap Caps Lock key for virtual console windows Remap useless Caps Lock key in X ► February (5) ► January (1) ► 2007 (21) ► December (3) ► November Last Exit Code Destiny Consider following shell script:#!/bin/bash echo -n "Enter user name : " read USR cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd | grep "$USR" > /dev/null OUT=$?

Reply ↓ Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Bash Set Exit Code asked 8 years ago viewed 258663 times active 11 months ago Visit Chat Linked 2 Linux - Capture exit code of a ruby script 19 NodeJS Managed Hostings vs VPS 16 exit $?

#!/bin/bash COMMAND1 . . . Another example to clarify further: spd-say "[email protected]" [ $? -ne 127 ] && exit $?

Is using Basic Authentication in an iOS App safe? Exit Code 0 Why is this important? RedHat tends to maintain backwards compatibility for long, which is why the init.d stuff is still there. –dragon788 Feb 13 at 16:06 add a comment| up vote 36 down vote For Combined with OR the bash should only invoke exit, if the previous command fails.

Bash Set Exit Code

but if the then or else clauses are somewhat more complex, it is more maintainable. –tripleee Aug 23 '12 at 7:14 7 [[ $rc != 0 ]] will give you It seems like exit codes are easy for poeple to forget, but they are an incredibly important part of any script. Bash Neq If the exit status is anything other than zero, then the program failed in some way. Bash Script Exit On Error This value is referred to as an exit code or exit status.

I know only 0 for successful. weblink And i want to exit with the actual spd-say exit code (it may not be 0). The sample script runs two commands touch and echo, since we did not specify an exit code the script exits with the exit code of the last run command. grep -q regex options; then printf '%s\n' 'myscript: Pattern not found!' >&2 exit 1 fi An alternative syntax is to use && and || to perform if and else tests with Exit Bash Shell

if [ $OUT -eq 0 ];then echo "User account found!" else echo "User account does not exists in /etc/passwd file!" fiSave and execute the script as follows: $ chmod +x script.sh
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Thanks, Mad MAx.I made the correction.Peter August 4, 2009 at 8:50 PM Anonymous said... Bash Exit On Error The Linux Documentation Project has a pretty good table of reserved exit codes and what they are used for. Is it possible to do that without a temporary variable?

You can also get the entire list to process as you see fit: pax> false | true | false; echo ${PIPESTATUS[*]} 1 0 1 If you wanted to get the largest

echo "Example of error with line number and message" error_exit "$LINENO: An error has occurred." The use of the curly braces within the error_exit function is an example of parameter expansion. Exit status As you recall from previous lessons, every well-written program returns an exit status when it finishes. E.g., I would like to do: command -p sudo ... [ $? -ne 1 ] && exit $? Exit Code 1 A blue, white and red maze How can we get our son to stop sleeping in our bed?

directly. Browse other questions tagged bash shell or ask your own question. As a previous poster noted, "set -e" will cause bash to exit with an error on any simple command. "set -o pipefail" will cause bash to exit with an error on http://0pacity.com/exit-code/bash-exit-code-check.html ls | bogus_command # bash: bogus_command: command not found echo $? # 0 # Note that the !

In general the commands should be responsible for printing failures so that you don't have to do so manually (maybe with a -q flag to silence errors when you don't want